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Home-grown goodness: a simple guide to composting

Spending time in the kitchen is one of life’s simple pleasures, but it can be even more enjoyable knowing your kitchen scraps can be put to good use when composting, in your own backyard.

Composting is a simple way to reduce kitchen waste and create a valuable fuel for your veggie garden – helping to enrich your next crop of home-grown goodness.

Recycling organic material like fruit or vegetable scraps – which are broken down by microscopic soil organisms like fungi and microbes in the soil – releases valuable nutrients and creates a natural fertiliser to help your garden shine.

steve composting in composting bin

Getting started with composting

Understanding a few composting basics will have you well on your way to producing rich, nutrient-filled goodness for your fruit trees of veggie patch.

These simple tips will help you best manage and maintain your compost and encourage plenty of tasty garden-to-plate experiences:

Soil quality

Most soils in Western Australia are unproductive and need to be improved with soil improvers.

You can create your own soil improver, while reducing landfill, by making your own compost from kitchen scraps and garden plant matter.

If you find your garden soils are sandy, you’ll also need to add some clay as this acts to reduces water repellence and stops the nutrients from leeching away.

Start simple

How you compost at home depends on your individual needs and preferences – but if you’re making a start by recycling kitchen scraps for the garden you should consider purchasing a metal or plastic compost bin or tumbler.

There’s styles and designs to suit any budget, so head to your local Bunnings or local garden supply store to see what might work best for your place.

steve composting kitchen scraps

The right ingredients for composting

To make compost you need to have a balance of moist and dry material.

For the moist ingredients, go for kitchen scraps, coffee grounds, animal manure and fresh lawn clippings.

Dry materials such as hay, dried leaves and shredded paper or cardboard will balance things out for best results.

Keep in mind your compost will break down ingredients faster by breaking ingredients into small pieces, speeding up the process and getting that goodness onto your garden sooner.

The method 

The perfect compost is made with a mix of about four parts dry material to one part wet material.

Without the right mix the compost is slower to heat up and break down, so it might end up smelling unpleasant.

The compost should also be moistened just enough so no liquid drips from the mix when a handful of the compost is squeezed.

Compost maintenance

You can choose to put the material in a heap if you have the space, but make sure you cover the compost with a tarp to keep it out of the rain. Alternatively, use a plastic compost bin or tumbler.

The compost can be positioned in the shade or sun. If it’s kept in the sun, the matter will break down more quickly, but will require more watering to keep it moist, so if possible choose the shade to save on water.

Aerate the heap every four to seven days by mixing the material using a garden fork. It takes from three months to a year for the compost to be ready.

Keep in mind

Any organic waste from the household can be used in a compost, but be careful of attracting unwelcome pests such as rats.

It’s best to use a closed composting system and avoid adding cooking oil, dairy and pet droppings to compost.

Your place tight for space? No problem.

If you don’t have room for a full-size compost bin but still want to want to reuse your kitchen scraps – there are plenty of simple and space-friendly options on the market.

Got some flybuys points you’re wanting to use? The ‘Bokashi One’ Composting System is a great option. These are small bins that break down scraps into a liquid that can be used to feed indoor and balcony plants.

You’ll know when it is ready as finished compost has a crumbly texture; a pleasant earthy smell and most of the ingredients have broken down.

Steve Wood and Deryn Thorpe from the All The Dirt podcast

Deryn Thorpe and Steve Wood, presenters of the podcast ‘All The Dirt’.

Get All The Dirt on home grown goodness

Want to learn more about growing your own fruit and veggies – and using home-grown produce into the kitchen?

Check out our Kleenheat Kitchen with Jenny Lam and our home-grown goodness gardening advice from local gardening experts, Deryn Thorpe and Steve Woods.

Deryn Thorpe and Steve Woods combine decades of gardening knowledge to present the fortnightly All The Dirt podcast.

The podcast explores and discusses gardening, food and sustainability with both Deryn and Steve, and a range of expert guests.

There are more than 100 podcasts covering topics including design and horticulture, the environment and soil and natural science with regular guides on growing home produce and ornamental gardens.

Listen to All The Dirt’s composting podcast for advice on getting started, and keep listening for more DIY tips and discussions on home-grown goodness.

Choose home-grown, choose Kleenheat

Kleenheat knows the value of home-grown goodness – after all, we’ve been supporting the needs of local households and businesses for more than 60 years.

We believe there’s value in choosing local, so if you’re not a Kleenheat customer choose local today and let life flow.

2 Responses to “Home-grown goodness: a simple guide to composting

  1. May 07, 2020 at 5:56 pm
    Pete Murphy said:

    Very educational and enjoyable reading too. Thanks very much 😎👍😎

    • Courtney
      Kleenheat logo
      May 08, 2020 at 9:59 am
      Courtney said:

      Thanks Pete, glad you are enjoying – let us know if you need any additional tips or suggestions and we’ll try and help out. Good luck!

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